Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

  • Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is a diagnostic term that refers to a group of behavioural symptoms associated with finding it difficult to concentrate and having high levels of physical activation.

     

    The condition can be very debilitating and make study and work very difficult. It can also make relationships and social interaction difficult. ADHD can occur along side intellectual disabilities and learning difficulties but can also occur in people with high IQs. 65% of adults who were diagnosed with ADHD as children will go on to experience difficulties with the condition in later life.

The condition can be very debilitating and affect individuals as they begin to cope with all the demands of adult life, particularly an ever-changing life in the workplace. It can also make relationships and social interaction difficult. At the same time an adult may become less prone to obvious hyperactivity. While a child’s ADHD can be extremely ‘visible’ an adult’s ADHD may be more undemonstrative or less obviously ADHD. 

More on ADHD in children

  • Behavioural symptoms that are most observable in children and teenagers include:

    Inattentiveness:

    a short attention span, being easily distracted, making careless mistakes in school work, forgetfulness, losing things, finding difficult or time consuming task difficult to stick to, appearing unable to listen or follow instructions, flitting between tasks, being disorganised.

    Hyperactivity & Impulsiveness:

    restlessness, fidgeting, difficulty concentrating, excessive movement and/or talking, unable to wait in turn, interrupting, little or no sense of threat or danger, acting without considering the consequences.

More on ADHD in adults

In adults, the symptoms can be recognised as:

  • Carelessness and lack of attention to detail

    Often starting new tasks before finishing old ones

    Poorly organised

    Difficulties prioritising

    Often losing or misplacing things

    Forgetfulness

    Restlessness/edginess

    Difficulty keeping quiet

    Blurtingthings out responses and often interrupting

    Mood swings, irritability, temper

    Difficulties dealing with stress

    Impatience

    Taking risks in activities, often with little regard for safety
    e.g. driving recklessly